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04 November 2014

The Different Types of Tooth Discolouration

A good set of teeth is a social asset. It’s one of the features that validate a person’s self-esteem. But, not everyone is blessed with a perfect set. If you look at the pictures of models and celebrities flashing their dazzling smiles, you will realize that life is indeed a bit unfair.

Tooth discoloration is one of the most obvious factors that affect the aesthetic qualities of a smile. It generally happens due to the following: deposits that stay on the surface of the tooth and phenomena that affect the inner structure of the tooth. These factors are what characterise the two types of discolouration.

Extrinsic Stains

Extrinsic stains are seen on the outer surface of the tooth. They manifest due to external factors, such as dental plaque, certain food and beverages, tobacco, bacteria and compounds used as topical medications.

Extrinsic stains occur because the teeth can absorb the colour pigments of the things that get into your mouth. When it comes to food, the culprits are coffee, soda, blackberries and tea. Chromogenic bacteria also cause black stains, which contains ferric sulfide. Green stains, on the other hand, may be caused by bacteria and fungi.

Certain medicines, especially those that contain iron, may also cause black stains. Some types of mouthwash that contain potassium compounds may cause violet or blackish stains.

Intrinsic Stains

Intrinsic stains are a more complicated dental discoloration. Generally, they are caused by certain dental conditions, traumas and infections. Deficiencies in nutrients and genetic factors may also contribute to staining. Normally, intrinsic stains are characterised by grey or striped stains.

Other than extreme decays, dental materials may also cause discoloration. These materials commonly include pastes and sealers.

Our Solutions

Our dental specialists will assess your discolorations and recommend an appropriate treatment. Remedying extrinsic stains is fairly simple. We normally use special polishers to scrub away the stains. When it comes to intrinsic stains, rectifying it can be quite complicated. Other than using special cleaners, we will mask your dental imperfections using crowns and veneers.

Smiling is much better if you know that you have a set of pearly white teeth. To learn more about our cosmetic dental services, visit our other pages or speak with our customer support associates.

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