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17 May 2019

What Treatments are Available for Advanced Periodontal Disease?

Advanced periodontal disease affects millions of individuals from all walks of life. If left untreated, this condition will often result in the eventual loss of teeth. This is why it is important to appreciate how this disease progresses as well as the treatment options which are currently available.

More Than Gingivitis

It is first important to note that advanced periodontal disease is the direct result of gingivitis. Gingivitis (gum disease) occurs when plaque becomes trapped between the teeth and the gum line.

While this situation is quite easy to treat, it can also develop into periodontal disease if the proper steps are not taken. Not only will bacteria begin to affect the integrity of the surrounding teeth, but they can also deteriorate surrounding tissue and even the bone density if your jaw. This is why seeking treatment as soon as possible is always recommended. So, what options do you have?

Non-Surgical Options

There can be times when surgery might not be necessary. A dentist will often employ techniques known as scaling and root planing in order to remove any plaque as well as to ablate small infections that may be present. This procedure is utilised in conjunction with localised numbing agents, so you will not experience much discomfort. After the process has been completed, the gums will reattach and they will be evaluated to determine how long the healing process may take.

Additional Procedures

Other situations might require in-depth intervention to prevent further issues. One method is known as “pocket reduction”. In this case, a dentist will fold back your gums in order to remove any additional infection. Areas of damaged bone can also be smoothed and allowed to heal. You might also be a candidate for a gum graft if the localised tissue has eroded to the point that it will no longer properly heal.

In very advanced cases, a bone graft from healthy areas of the jaw may be required in order to ensure that the condition does not progress any further. Of course, these situations and possibilities will be evaluated by your dentist so that the best option can be chosen.

The best way to combat this type of serious gum disease is to embrace the proper preventative maintenance techniques. This can help to avert a problem before it takes “root”.

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